Altitude: 3220 m.a.m.s.l. (rim - highest)
Lowest point in lake - unknown
One of four volcanic calderas that are located in the Ngorongoro conservation area
of northern Tanzania, the others being Ngorongoro
. Its rim is the highest of all in the area, and is the only one with a lake making up more than half of its crater floor.
All four calderas are described as volcanic highlands, as they are all located at higher altitudes than their surroundings. They also are inside the east African rift, sharing the same volcanic system as Lakes Eyasi
, mt. Kilimanjaro.
The lowest part of Empakaai is the lake, about 2000 metres above sea level, and one of the main attractions inside the crater is the large number of Flamingos that can be found on its shores.
What to do there
The crater is popular for walking safari's, where tourists get to hike deep for a day, and explore the lake and rain forest inside it. The only caveat being that you must be out by the end of the day - as the only campsites are special campsites on its rim.
As it is part of Ngorongoro conservation area, the crater holds a number of wild animals, requiring an armed ranger to accompany everyone who visits it.
Trips to the crater can also be part of an even longer walking safari which may last up to 5 days and end as far as lake Natron.Best time to visit
Any time of the year, with more emphasis towards the drier seasons of July to December each year, when the roads are more pliable throughout the park.
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