The Arusha declaration museum is a site that showcases the history of Tanzania while under the socialism and self reliance policy as well as the years leading up to its introduction. It is named after a declaration
that first introduced the 'African socialism
' or 'Ujamaa' policy and is located next to a monument that was built to commemorate it.
Much of its exhibits are in the form of photos, but there are a few statues and models of people of that time as well as original artifacts. some of the things you might see there include:
- One of the actual uhuru torches that were raced around the country after its independence
- Chairs that were used by TANU leaders during the struggle for independence
- Models of an ujamaa village
- Photos of Tanzanian soldiers during the war with Idi Amin Dada
- Photos of key moments from 1967 when the policy was introduced
- Old photos of political leaders
. The museum grounds serve as a public garden (for a fee). At the time of writing (2017), entrance fees are charged at TSHS 1500 for Tanzanian residents and 8000 for non residents.
A history of the declaration
The declaration occurred in 1967 in Arusha and it signalled the introduction of 'socialism' to Tanzania, a policy that was similar to that used by the USSR. This was a key moment in the country's history as it played part in a lot of events in the years that followed, some of which were good and some bad. Much of its policies still play a role in the conduct of the country's people, thus prompting the creation of a museum.
The declaration came just two years after the union of Tanganyika with Zanzibar in october 1965 to form Tanzania and 6 years after Tanganyika got its independence from the British in december 1961.What to do there?
Learn about the history of post - colonial Tanzania, particularly while under the leadership of its first president mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere, as this was the time during which the ujamaa policy was implemented; However, the place can seem to be less interesting to those who do not now much about the policy, so be sure to read a little about it before going there.