Altitude: 5895 m.a.m.s.l.
Uhuru peak is the summit (highest point) of mt. Kilimanjaro, and also the highest point of the Kibo volcanic cone. It's name comes from the swahili word for freedom (Uhuru), due to its part in the history of Tanzania's (then Tanganyika) independence from British colonial rule. On 8th December 1961, the eve of the country's independence day, the late Brig. Alexander Nyirenda (then army officer) erected the Uhuru torch and the national flag on top of the mountain as a celebratory act, at the same time as the Union Jack
(then flag of Tanganyika) was lowered at the national stadium.
Formerly known as the Kaiser Wilhelm peak by German explorer Hans Meyer (under then German colonial rule), it was renamed in 1964, three years after Tanzania got independence. Since then it has been the target of many people, aiming to reach the highest point in Africa. Most climbs to the peak start at midnight the day before, reaching the summit anywhere from just before to just after sunrise (depending on fitness).
Uhuru peak is now marked by a huge signpost, courtesy of the park authorities and there are no remains of the torch or flag that was erected back in 1961. There are about 8 routes (including the special permission western breach) to Uhuru peak, most getting there within 5 or 6 days.